The default form of the prefix is ber~. Occasionally in certain cases this may vary into be~ (ie. bekerja, beternak) and bel~ (belajar).
How it Works
When you see a word with this prefix, it is usually a verb (with the exception if it’s followed by a number). The stem-word that goes after the prefix is usually also a verb, but can also be adjective, or noun. However, once you add the prefix ber~, they become verb.
Ber~ + Verb
1. The meaning is the same as the base verb.
bicara -> berbicara
kunjung -> berkunjung
2. The meaning is related but different from the base verb.
angkat -> berangkat
ada -> berada
Ber~ + Adjective
When you put ber~ before an adjective, it becomes a verb.
For example, gembira = happy
Bergembira = to be happy
Ber~ + Noun
When you put ber~ before a noun, it also becomes a verb.
For example: suami = husband.
To have: Bersuami = to have a husband. Beristri = to have a wife
To wear: berkacamata = to wear glasses.
Bersuara/ berbunyi= to let out sound
Ber~ + Number
When you put ber~ before a number, that means the number of people doing something together or have something in common. For example: